Ultrasonographic Findings in Two Dogs with Canine Parvoviral Enteritis

Burçak Özkan

 Burçak Özkan,
E mail: burcakozkan1974@yahoo.com
Received: 27.02.017,  Accepted: 27.04.2017,  Available online: 28.04.2017


Abstract

Canine parvoviral enteritis (CPV) is one of the most common diseases why puppies are presented to clinicians. Being non-enveloped, single striated DNA viruses, parvoviruses cause disease in a variety of wild and domestic mammalians. Three subtypes of the virus have similar pathogenicity resulting in clinical disease. In spite of affecting also older animals, the disease most often strikes in pups. Cardiac and intestinal forms are two types of the disease. CPV is highly contagious and severe but healed dogs gain lifetime immunity. Abdominal ultrasonography (USG) has greater accuracy since it is a non-invasive but efficient method. Thus, it may be helpful to diagnose the disease when accompanied by clinical and laboratory tests. The aim of this case report is to discuss USG findings, clinical symptoms and healing procedure of two dogs suffering from CPV represented with complaints of hemorrhagic diarrhoea, vomitus and lack of appetite and water intake as well as progressive weight loss. Non-specific signs were found in both dogs. One puppy was infested with ascariasis. Routine treatment was adopted for both puppies. Definitive diagnosis is established with the help of anamnesis, clinical symptoms and laboratory tests. USG is a non-invasive, fast and reliable method and may be employed as a supportive examination for enteritis detection in order to exclude other intestinal diseases necessitating laparotomy. In our case, intestinal USG was performed with a 5-7.5 mHz transducer.  Altered intestinal wall structure and damaged intestinal individualization were noted. Both patients were healed.

Keywords: dog, canine parvovirus, ultrasonography