Livestock policies and red meat sector: Republic period and ensuing years

Engin Sakarya [1] , Arzu Gökdai [2] , Tuğba Sarıhan Şahin [3]

Department of Animal Health Economics and Management, University of Ankara, Turkey


Sakarya E. :ORCID: 0000-0003-3569-3292 ;  Gökdai A.: ORCID: 0000-0002-5509-2171 ; Gökdai A.: ORCID: 0000-0001-7364-6230


 *Arzu Gökdai: agokdai@ankara.edu.tr

Received:
30.09.2019,  Accepted: 04.12.2019,  Available online: 13.12.2019

ABSTRACT

Implementation of policies aimed at agriculture and animal husbandry, agricultural supports are used as an important tool. Since the proclamation of the Republic, livestock sector of Turkey has entered into a number of changes and improvements. The data used in this study were collected from Turkey Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT), reports of drafting convention in sector, the five-year development plans and literature. It has been determined that there is not enough share from the subsidies within the agricultural policies applied in the livestock sector in terms of periods. Support for the sector was also insufficient in terms of credit and financing supply in animal husbandry. It was observed that there was no significant development in animal production in planned development periods. In macroeconomic planning of the sector, input-output relationship could not be considered on a sectoral basis according to the development goals. It has been seen that technical and economic integration such as health, breeding, production, cultivation, fattening and product evaluation is not taken into consideration adequately in planning. Today, the most important problem of the sector is high quality, sufficient roughage and concentrate feed supply and low yield per unit animal. However, real policy in supporting livestock should ensure that product / feed price ratios to maintain profitability in production. In order to achieve a certain increase in animal production, the support provided by the state and the price policy are important. Price policy has an important share in increasing production both in quantity and quality. The enterprises operating in animal husbandry are under the economic grip of the sellers and buyers, who are limited in number during the production stage. In this respect, the organization of the producer and the development of the marketing infrastructure, support and encouragement by the state may play an important role in solving the problems.

Keywords: livestock policies, red meat, productivity, organization, marketing