Capture myopathy accompanied with severe enteritis in a female lion

Burçak Özkan*1, Lora Koenhemsi3, Kıvılcım Sönmez2 S. Seçkin Arun4

1.Kadıko y Istanbul 2. Istanbul University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology. 3. Istanbul University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine. 4. Vetlab Veterinary Laboratory/Avcilar Istanbul.

 *Burçak Özkan: burcakozkan1974@yahoo.com
 
Received: 
02.12.2017,  Accepted: 25.01.2018 Available online: 31.02.2018

ABSTRACT
A one-year-old female lion was presented with a history of lethargy, unability to stand, incoordination, unsteady, swaying gait and diarrhoea to Istanbul University Veterinary Faculty Internal Medicine Clinics. Anamnesis was followed by physical examination. The lion was immobilized with ketamine (Ketasol; Interhas) and xylazine hydrochloride combination (Rompun; Bayer, West Germany). Blood was collected from the cephalic vein for routine haematology and biochemistry analysis. The patient died during the night. A slight decrease in platelet account, a mild decrease in triglyceride level with a mild elevation in glucose and urea and a severe augmentation in aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) levels were observed. Pathologically, cause of death was determined as dehydration and hypovolemia due to severe hemorrhagic chronic-atrophic enteritis. Anamnesis, biochemical data and clinical findings suggested also capture myopathy (CM). In this case study it is aimed to give detailed knowledge about diseases seen in both free-ranging and captive lions and to discuss the death of this female captive lion due to severe diarrhoea and CM.

Keywords:
lion, free-ranging lion, captive lion, enteritis, capture myopathy