Archaea and their potential pathogenicity in human and animal diseases

Aikerim Kumondorova [1] , Serkan İkiz [2]

1.Istanbul  University-Cerrahpasa,  Institute  of  Graduate  Studies,  34320,  Avcılar/  Istanbul,  Turkey
2.Istanbul  University-Cerrahpasa,  Faculty  of  Veterinary  Medicine,  Department  of  Microbiology, Buyukcekmece Campus 34500, Istanbul, Turkey,


Kumandorova A. :ORCID: 0000-0001-7341-1597İkiz S.: ORCID: 0000-0001-6502-0780


 *Aikerim Kumandorova: akumondorova@gmail.com

Received: 11
.11.2019,  Accepted: 20.12.2019,  Available online: 24.12.2019

ABSTRACT

There are hundreds of organisms that infect and cause disease in humans and animals. These organisms can be bacteria and single-celled eukaryote, as well as a few parasites. Archaea, one of the three domain of life, immensely diverse group of prokaryotes and includes a number of “extremophiles” that develop in such environments as hot springs, salt lakes, human and animal gut, volcanic submarines and low, high pH habitats. It is puzzling that despite being one of the most numerous and ubiquitous life forms on earth, no member of the domain Archaea has been described as human or animal pathogen. The absence of pathogenic Archaea in the taxonomy database is statistically highly significant. The aim of this article is to display a brief overview of what is currently known about archaea and archaeal potential pathogenicity in and on human being and animals.

Keywords: Archaea, pathogenicity, disease, human, animal